Caracas, October, 2006.-In the frame of the +Raíces Project, LACNIC (Latin American and Caribbean Internet Addresses Registry), ISC (Internet Systems Consortium) and CNTI (National Centre of Information Technology) installed the first DNS root server in Venezuela.
In the opening event that took place on October 19, participated the Chief Executive Officer Raúl Echeberría, the representative of ISC Joao Damas, the President of CNTI Jorge Berrizbeitia and the Director of CONATEL (National Commission of Telecommunications of Venezuela government) Alvin Lezama.
This project implies a suitable improvement in the direct access to the net by the users and Venezuelan suppliers of Internet services, which was supported by LACNIC.
Raúl Echeberría, explained that the installation of this important infrastructure in Venezuela is the result of the multistakeholder cooperation models, that were promoted by the results of the World Summit on the Information Society where governmental and private organisms may work together in benefit of the stability and growth of the Internet in the region.
The domain name system is made up by millions of interconnected servers. Root servers are the ones that possess the information that initiate queries to this system. A technical limitation does not allow the existence of more than thirteen root servers, and they are identified by the letters A through M. Of these thirteen original root servers, ten were located in the United States, two in Europe and one in Japan, a fact that generated quite a bit of concern in view of the small number of servers and their geographic concentration.
In order to solve this problem, during the past few years a new technique known as anycast is being used. This technique allows creating clones (known as mirrors) of these root servers; once these mirrors are in operation they are indistinguishable from the original servers. This adds more efficiency to the system, and at the same time provides greater security and stability. The installations of the root servers are made by the anycast technology in the frame of +Raices project
The +Raices Project is an agreement between LACNIC and ISC where are projected the installation of copies of the root server F administrated by ISC in Latin America and Caribbean, supported by LACNIC.
As you will remember, the Latin American and Caribbean Internet Address Registry (LACNIC) is the organization, based in Montevideo, that administrates IP address space, Autonomous System Numbers (ASN), reverse resolution and other resources for the region of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), on behalf of the Internet community.